I was messing around with Lua tonight, and as a basic exercise threw together a Guess My Number game. Unfortunately, WordPress.com doesn’t have syntax highlighting for Lua. C’est la vie!
I also learned that the first number you grab from math.random() may not be properly randomized after seeding. Running my code in the interpreter generated 36 five times in a row as the answer, which clued me in to this 🙂 Calling math.random() once after seeding seems to fix it, though.
-- Guess My Number -- Author: Zachary Hoefler --INITIALIZATION -- Generate a random number math.randomseed( os.time() ) math.random(); -- make sure first number is actually randomized (some implementations -- require this, but it doesn't break ones that don't) local THE_NUMBER = math.random(1,100) -- generates a number from 1 to 100, inclusive -- Welcome the user print("Guess My Number, by Zach Hoefler") -- MAIN GAME LOOP local guess = nil -- explicitly declared to make it local while (guess ~= THE_NUMBER) do -- prompt for a guess; use io.write() so there's no newline after the prompt io.write("Please enter a guess from 1-100: "); guess = io.read("*number") -- Compare to the correct number if guess > THE_NUMBER then print("You guessed too high!") elseif guess < THE_NUMBER then print("You guessed too low!") end end -- Number was guessed correctly assert(guess == THE_NUMBER) -- Congratulate the user print("Congratulations, you guessed correctly!")
Strictly speaking, I could’ve used repeat-until instead of while, but the while loop felt a bit more readable.